A German art school from 1919 - 1933. Founded by Walter Gropius. Bauhaus basically means " Construction House" in German. The school focused on arts & crafts and fine arts. Gropius wanted to create craftsmen. Specifically looking at stripping things down to their essentials. They influenced several movements after this such as Modernism / Modernist Artists. It's purpose was to bring all kinds of artists together to create better art. Encompassing Architecture, Art, Graphic Design, & Industrial Design.
VASILY (Wassily) KANDINSKY
He was a Russian painter who lived for long periods of time also in Germany & France. He is described as an abstract and expressionist painter. Utilizing shapes and color to represent experiences and not "true" nature. Music was a huge influence on abstract art in general and several of Kandinsky's "Composition" works are significantly representative of this. The shapes and lines creating visual music on canvas for the viewer.
Vasily Kandinsky Delicate Tension. No. 85, 1923 Watercolor and ink on paper
Speaking of artists who were rejected from galleries or shows who then did something drastic!
Marcel Duchamp is an artist who decided "Fuck. This." when it comes to what is accepted in galleries and what the rich will pay for. He created several "Readymades" as a giant middle finger to the mass produced products that came with industrialization.
Several artists with the same reaction as Duchamp were categorized as DADA artists.
Marcel Duchamp, Bicycle Wheel, 1951
Marcel Duchamp, 'L.H.O.O.Q.' 1919, pencil on postcard
Dali borrowed and concocted his work from several movements such as Cubism, Dadaism, Renaissance, and Impressionism. He liked to create the in-between consciousness of dream and existence like many other Surrealist.
Russian - French graphic artist. Prominent work in Art Nouveau & Deco. Most notable in the 1920s is his contributions of program, costumes, and set design for the Ziegfelds Follies in 1923.
NAZI's RUIN EVERYTHING
The school closed in 1933 because of pressure from the Nazi regime accusing the school to be a Communist Centre. Staff and students of Bauhaus continued to teach their artistic ideals in the shadows. Moving school locations and immigrating to new countries.
Kandinsky was a late professor in Bauhaus. Previously he was a part of the "Der Blaue Reiter" group in 1911-1914. This group was founded 1: because Kandinsky founded an earlier group that he felt had become to strict and not expressive enough, & 2: because several artists were rejected from an art show in Germany.
Vasily Kandinsky Composition 8 ( Komposition 8 ) 1923 Oil on Canvas
Musync is a downloadable app on phones and tablets that many find akin to Kandinsky's work. The app allows users to create music from various simplistic shapes of complimentary colors.
Vasily Kandinsky Untitled (drawing for "Diagram 17"), 1925
Black ink on paper
Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2, 1912 oil on canvas
Marcel Duchamp, 'Fountain' 1917, replica 1964
DE STIJL (basically less is best)
De Stijl art movement is more of a collection of work from 1917 - 1931. De Stijl strove to reduce all forms into its simplest color and essentials. A well known artist from this movement is Mondrian. Famous for his blocks of color on canvas.
Piet Mondrian, Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow, 1930, oil on canvas
Heavily influenced by the DADA movement. Merging psychology and philosophy to project dreams and subconscious and the abstract theories onto canvas.
René Magritte's "This is not a pipe." The Treachery of Images 1928–29
DECKED OUT DECO
Art Deco is a commonly known art movement for its rectilinear, glamorous, and graphic style. Bauhaus' emphasis on graphic arts was part of the influence for this movement, as well as Cubism & Fauvism.
Art Deco comes from Arts Décoratifs, from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes held in Paris in 1925. The bold lavish styles of Art Deco were still present years before this term was adorned to the movement.
Chrysler Building finished in 1931 showcasing Art Deco Style outside and inside (photo taken by Mario Tama)
"La Mer Blanche": Costume Design for "Les Mers," George White's Scandals 1923